This is an orchid is found in Greece and Sicily. Its local but can be frequent in its favoured areas, and these areas always seem to be a dry habitat in full sun - rocky hillsides, garrigue, abandoned olive groves etc. O. calocaerina is within the O. funerea group and at up to 50cms is certainly one of its taller and more sturdy members. Its also one of the most colourful and varied species in the group, though its not readily confused with other fusca by virtue of its large flowers and the deep groove that bisects the entire length of the lip. A defining characteristic of this Ophrys is its tendency to be highly colourful, particularly with hues of red below the stigmatic cavity.
Like all the Mediterranean ophrys it should be grown in an alpine house or under some form of protection so that watering can be controlled throughout the winter. The tuber can be grown in a relatively small pot as the tuber is not large and the roots do not spread far. If grown in a terracotta pot it should be plunged into sand and the sand kept damp thoughout the growing season. This ophrys will flower in the late winter.
Plants are normally sent out potted with full growing instructions to customers in the UK. They can normally be sent during the period AUGUST to NOVEMBER after which time growth is such that the rosette may get damaged.